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  • Writer's picturePremanandhan Narayanan

Understanding Diabetes and its Impact on Insulin Production

Diabetes is a complex metabolic disorder that affects the body's ability to regulate blood sugar levels. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, plays a crucial role in this process. For individuals without diabetes, insulin is released in response to meals, helping the body convert glucose from food into energy. However, for those with diabetes, insulin production and utilization can be disrupted, leading to various scenarios.

1. **Delayed Insulin Release:** Some individuals with diabetes experience delayed insulin production, with the hormone being released half an hour to an hour after eating. This delay can result in elevated blood sugar levels after meals, contributing to uncontrolled diabetes.

2. **Inadequate Insulin Production:** Another scenario involves insufficient insulin production, where the pancreas only produces around 50% of the required amount. People in this category are often advised to break their meals into smaller portions throughout the day. This approach helps maintain a more balanced blood sugar level, preventing spikes and crashes.

3. **Complete Insulin Deficiency:** There are individuals who do not produce insulin at all. This type of diabetes, known as Type 1 diabetes, requires daily insulin injections to manage blood sugar levels effectively. Without these injections, the body cannot properly utilize glucose for energy, leading to serious health complications.

Managing diabetes involves a holistic approach that encompasses various factors:

- **Diet:** Monitoring carbohydrate intake and making healthy food choices is essential. Avoiding excessive sugar and refined carbohydrates can help manage blood sugar levels.

- **Exercise:** Regular physical activity helps the body use glucose for energy and can improve insulin sensitivity, leading to better blood sugar control.

- **Sleep:** Adequate sleep is crucial for maintaining stable blood sugar levels. Poor sleep can lead to insulin resistance, making it harder for the body to use insulin effectively.

- **Stress Management:** Stress hormones can impact blood sugar levels. Engaging in relaxation techniques, such as meditation and deep breathing, can help manage stress and support better diabetes control.


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